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History & Traditions

Merchiston is the only remaining all-boys’ boarding and day school in Scotland. It continues to be a school that stands for quality, providing the environment and stimulus to enable your son's mind to be opened and his talents developed.

We do this by employing the very finest teachers and coaches. We want everyone connected with Merchiston to enjoy the very best teaching resources, boarding and day accommodation, and arts and sports facilities.


The early years: foundation and move to Merchiston Tower

Charles  Chalmers – younger brother of Dr Thomas Chalmers, moral philosopher, theologian and Leading light in the Disruption of the Church in Scotland in 1843 – started a small school in 1828, then moved to larger premises in 1833 at Merchiston Tower from where the school name is derived. A classical education was supplemented by scientific studies (unusual at the time).

The school started from humble beginnings, based at Park Place from 1828 on a site now occupied by the McEwan Hall.  Here Charles Chalmers, with the help of some assistant tutors, taught a small number of pupils until their numbers grew too large for those premises. Chalmers decided to take a lease on Merchiston Tower, then in open countryside on the Borough Muir to the south of the city. The Tower was formerly the family home of the Napiers of Merchiston, including John Napier the mathematician who invented logarithms. Mathematics, together with English, the Classics and French formed a broad curriculum together with the Sciences (of which Chalmers himself was particularly fond).

The school continued in this way until Chalmers decided to sell it on to Mr John Gibson in 1850. Formerly the first appointed Government Inspector of Schools in Scotland, Gibson continued Chalmers’ ethos, extending the school with new buildings and developing the tradition of a happy school with a ‘family atmosphere’ introduced by the founder. Gibson’s untimely death in 1856 at the age of forty-three saw the school sold to Mr Thomas Harvey. A brilliant Oxford-educated classicist himself, the new owner perhaps lacked the vision of a broader educationalist.  Harvey seems to have overseen few development changes at the school and pupil numbers started to fall.  He resigned in 1863 on his appointment to the rectorship of The Edinburgh Academy. The school changed hands once more, this time being taken on by an assistant master who had joined Harvey’s staff in 1858 – one John Johnston Rogerson.



Start of the world’s longest continuous annual rugby fixture

On 11 December 1858, when boys of Merchiston travelled to Raeburn Place to play a match of Rugby Football (only fairly recently introduced to the school) against The Edinburgh Academy, little did they or anyone else know that the fixture was to be the first of an annual fixture that has run without interruption every year since then.  Played as twenty players a-side, the result was hotly contested at the time (but probably should go down as a win for the Academy!).



The Rogerson years (1863-1898)

Under this influential Headmaster, Merchiston became well established, and its renown for good sport, cultural activities and scholarship evolved. The site of the school saw the development of a range of new buildings as the school grew to about 100 boarders and 80 day boys. Merchiston became a Public School rather than privately-owned in 1896.

An experienced teacher, Dr J J Rogerson (known affectionately as ‘the Chief’ by boys and staff alike) was the epitome of a true leader.  Under his headship, pupil numbers increased and Merchiston’s renown grew. There was great progress in scholarship and on the games field, particularly in Rugby Football in which the school excelled: a number of pupils played in the Scotland international XV while still at school! A perusal of Merchistonian Magazines of the times shows Rogerson as a kindly, understanding and engaging personality who expected each boy to do his best in work or in play.

A dining hall was built and increased boarding accommodation was found as the school grew. The boy’s day was long, starting with prayers at 7.30 a.m., breakfast at 8.00 a.m., and lessons from 9.00 a.m. till noon.  Two hours of games followed straight on from this, with an hour allotted to a late dinner before lessons resumed for three hours from 3.00 p.m. After an hour for tea at 6.00 p.m., Prep lasted until 9.00 p.m. On Saturdays there were no lessons but further Prep from 8.30-10.00 a.m. before up to seven hours dedicated to various sports and school matches, halting only temporarily for lunch; after tea on Saturdays the evening was given over to dancing lessons! Academic and cultural events flourished under Rogerson, so that within fifteen years of taking over the running of the school, Merchiston’s name was widely known and respected and has since then featured as an integral part of Edinburgh school life.

As the school grew, so did the city of Edinburgh with houses encroaching onto the Borough Muir as far south as Church Hill and Morningside. The school’s playing field, to the north of the old Tower, was lost to a housing development, but Dr Rogerson was able to acquire new playing fields  a little farther along Colinton Road (where George Watson’s College is now located). In May 1878 the new cricket square there was inaugurated by a match between a Scottish and an English XI.  The previous season had seen all the school’s rugby XV go unbeaten, without a single point scored against them! And this rare feat was achieved again in the 1888-1889 season, as Rogerson celebrated his 25th year at the helm.  Leisure societies, such as photography, were introduced to occupy boys during the working day. An early morning run was introduced to replace the pre-breakfast catechisms, and long-overdue improvements to the school’s washing facilities were built, together with an larger ‘Chemistry Room’ north of the Tower and new classrooms and the ‘Grant Museum’ parallel to Colinton Road, separated from it by the West Garden lawn. The museum housed a skeleton, a mummy and cases of biological and botanical specimens – all fascinating to the younger boys.

Rogerson took an extended lease on the Tower in 1895, and suggested that he transfer his interest in the school to a newly-formed Company, while retaining the greatest shareholding himself.  This was agreed in 1896. Thus Merchiston moved from private hands and became an institution – a Public School – run by Merchistonian ‘Directors’.  The same year saw the introduction of a school cap bearing the school crest for the first time. Two years later Rogerson, his end achieved, retired from active teaching. He gave money as a parting gift for the building of a new school library. He kept up a keen interest in the school until his death in 1903.

Dr Rogerson was succeeded by Mr George Smith (Headmaster from 1898-1914), who quietly worked to improve the provision of all aspects of the varied life of boys at the School. Electric lights were installed at the turn of the century, accommodation was extended, the old cold water ‘plunge bath’ was replaced by individual baths with hot and cold running water, the assembly Hall enlarged and a new Physics House built between the Chemistry House and the Grant Museum. Cricket ‘divisions’ were introduced to popularise the sport amongst the younger boys.  In 1913 the Directors were able to purchase the castle and grounds outright in lieu of the long lease acquired by Rogerson. Mr Smith moved to become Master of Dulwich College in the summer of 1914.



Service and loss

When hostilities broke out in the First World War, Merchistonians were not slow to enlist. By 1918, 178 former pupils and staff had lost their lives in the service of their country. The School had been planning to build a chapel, and the view soon changed that there was a need for a memorial to the Fallen – a Memorial Hall.  Funds were collected by donation, but Edinburgh city planners felt that the Merchiston site would be too crowded so permission to build was not granted: the governing body of the School made plans to move to a new site in Colinton.

 A new Headmaster, Mr Cecil Stagg, was appointed in the spring of 1915. Although the war did not directly impinge on life at Merchiston, several of the current teaching staff had volunteered their military service early in the conflict.  Stagg’s main problem was the acute shortage of replacement teachers at the time, but he managed to negotiate through these difficulties.  It was Stagg who introduced the variation in the school day with ‘early school’ followed by games in the long summer months. 

As the war in Europe stagnated, and with the dreadful loss of life in the conflict so sorely felt at home, the Chapel Fund started by Smith was transferred to a newly-formed Memorial Fund to commemorate Merchiston’s fallen.  This had reached its required target by 1919.  Plans were started to erect a Memorial Hall in the West Gardens, in the only site available for a building of the required size, and by 1922 the architect, Mr N A Dick, had had plans for the hall provisionally approved.  The refusal of permission to proceed came very much at the eleventh hour, and resulted in the energetic Chairman of Directors,  Dr J W Dowden, calling a meeting of Merchistonians in 1923 where he put to them that there was a very real need for the school to move to a new more spacious location if it was to continue to thrive. The Directors were able to secure the purchase of the Colinton House estate, and a new era in Merchiston’s history was about to unfold.



The move to Colinton

In October 1924 the purchase of the Colinton House estate was completed, and the old site and accompanying playing fields were sold to the Merchant Company of Edinburgh who were looking for a site for the rebuilding and relocation of George Watson’s College. The 96-acre site was levelled to provide suitable sports pitches, with boys brought out to Colinton several afternoons a week up to 1927 to clear the biggest stones by hand (over 200 tons of them!) before grass was sown. The current school was then built, and the whole school moved to the new site for the autumn term of 1930.

The architect entrusted to design the new school was Mr W J Walker Todd.  The plan was for a school of 250 pupils, all boarders, built around a central Memorial Hall with a classroom block across it to the south, and study blocks, dining hall, kitchen and accommodation for the domestic staff to the north.  Separate from the main block, flanking it on either side, were separate boarding houses, while the original Colinton House was to be converted to science laboratories, library, arts room, armoury and store rooms in the basement.  The old house was extended to the west for a gymnasium.  At the same time, the constitution of the school was changed, the old Merchiston Castle School Company was wound up and replaced by a new one limited by guarantee and with no share capital.  The management of the new school was to be by a Board of Governors, part elected from the Merchistonian Club and part nominated by five public bodies.

Progress on the new buildings went so well that boys were admitted to the new boarding houses – names Chalmers East and west, and Rogerson East and West after two of the significant former Headmasters – in October 1930.  Workmen were still putting the finishing touches to the Colinton House conversion (now renamed Gibson House), the new sanatorium in the south of the site and to the fives courts, but everything was finished by Christmas of that year.  The new facilities and the space the new school provided had a remarkable invigorating effect on the whole school – better quality food from the new kitchens, copious amounts of hot water, the space for games on separate pitches rather than sharing overcrowded spaces, and places of refuge where boys could find time to carry out hobbies or just rest.

Dominating the school was the Memorial Hall, whose striking oak interior and large organ provided a backdrop not only for Sunday services but also for morning and evening assemblies, for Prep, for examinations, concerts, plays and prize-givings.  Its ornate carvings of dragons and astronomical signs suggest hints of strength, resilience and continuity – a Hall for Heroes.



School Centenary celebrations - King George VI visits

No formal celebrations were held for the opening of the new school as the centenary of the school’s foundation was so close. In late June 1933, the school was honoured by the presence of Their Royal Highnesses, the Duke and Duchess of York (later to become Their Majesties King George VI and Queen Elizabeth), who toured the Memorial Hall, took lunch with guests in the Dining hall, then returned to the Memorial Hall to join in Prize-Giving. Later, the Duchess planted a tree in the West Gardens.



Through the shadow of war, into the modern era

The hard work of Cecil Evans (Headmaster from 1936-1957) saw the school through the difficult years of the Second World War, during which a further 81 Merchiston staff and former pupils gave their life defending the free world against Nazism. The introduction of harder exams for the Sixth Form saw a slow improvement in academic achievement to accompany the traditional strengths in sports. The post-war years saw a flourishing in the Arts as well, with very professionally-produced School Plays becoming established. New buildings joined those built in the late 1920s; notably the ‘San’ was converted into Pringle junior house in 1967, allowing for a suitable replacement to the old Prep which was lost in the move to Colinton 37 years earlier.

The early 1930s were not an easy time for the school – economic recession at a time when the school had a large debt and relied on filling the quota of pupils if the new location and all its possibilities was to become a real success. Cecil Stagg, in failing health, steered the school carefully through the centenary celebrations and through those early years in Colinton. When he retired in 1936, after 21 years at the helm, the Governors appointed Mr Cecil Evans as the new Headmaster. Evans set about improving the scholarship of the school with the introduction of the Oxford and Cambridge Higher Certificate as the exam for the Sixth Form.  The successful Dramatic Society and divisional music competitions restored aspects of the character of the school which had slipped in the period of transition from Merchiston to Colinton, to balance athleticism and academic endeavour. But again, the shadow of war loomed large.  In September 1939, masters returned to school early for the autumn term to fill sandbags and to black-out windows.  As adult workers became hard to replace as men signed up for the military, the Merchiston boys found themselves waiting at and clearing their own meals, a Pioneer group helped with general grounds’ maintenance (some of the school playing field were ploughed up for growing crops), and senior boys of the Combined Cadet Corps formed a part of the local Home Guard. Pupil numbers fell as low as 142  before they started to increase again, the school rapidly filling to capacity.  In 1948 new War Memorial tablets with the 81 names of the Merchistonian Fallen in the Second World War were unveiled outside the Memorial Hall.

A Scottish country dance class was started in 1949, with a Highland Ball inaugurated in March 1950, starting a tradition of a love of dance – or at least awareness by some that a competence in dancing is a useful social asset to acquire – that continues at Merchiston to this day.  There were notable successes in minor sports, particularly in Fencing and in Rugby Fives – the latter encouraged by the construction of two Fives’ courts and regular coaching. 

Mr Evans was in poor health by May 1957, and increasingly absent from school. He came over to say goodbye to the boys and staff at the end of term, shaking hands with each and every one (from which Merchiston’s tradition of Handshaking at the end of key services and assemblies may derive); he sadly died in the August. After two terms when the Senior Resident Master, Mr AH Humphries, acted as Headmaster, Mr Alan Bush was appointed from the Spring Term 1958. Bush saw the pupil roll swell to 290, which eased financial pressure on the school as the cost of the new school was finally cleared.  He introduced a weekly Current Affairs period for the Sixth Form, led by visiting speakers. He also saw the building of the Cecil Evans Memorial Swimming Pool, opened in June 1961. In 1967, most of the old Sanatorium was converted to a junior boarding house named after the main benefactor, Mr James Summer Pringle.  Such was the success of Pringle that the House was extended in 1969, and the sanatorium relocated to the former Room 8 in the Main Building. 

Mr Bush resigned in the summer of 1968, and Mr Mervyn Preston stood in as acting headmaster until the Governors appointed Mr Donald Forbes in 1969.  The building of the Napier and Ure Rooms in the Chalmers and Rogerson courtyards in 1968 gave useful additional recreational space, and the construction of the Dowden wing of Rogerson in 1969 accommodated more senior boys in study rooms. New Tennis Courts were built next to the Walled Garden in 1970, and the Library was constructed from the old ‘Cloisters’ beneath the Memorial Hall, incorporating in its interior décor the old desk tops from the old school at Merchiston. A Music Auditorium was built from the former Gymnasium, and the old tennis courts to the north of Gibson House were replaced by the elephantine ‘Air Hall’ to give an indoor space for PE and various sporting activities. Four houses for married Housemasters were built (‘The Bank’ by the Swimming Pool, and three others in echelon to the rear of the east side of the school), and two others in 1974 joined the four built for married staff in The Cedars on the north side of the Walled Garden. Back Field was levelled to create a grassed athletics track and arena. Finally, an Art and Craft Centre was constructed between Gibson House and The Dell.

On the academic front, Forbes introduced a ‘Science-for-all’ curriculum up to ‘O’ Level, taken in the December of the Fifth Form, allowing an additional two terms for studying courses at Sixth Form level. Evening Prep was moved from the Memorial Hall to Napier, Ure or day rooms in the boarding houses. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays became ‘half days’, with only sports and activities taking place on these afternoons, and Half-Term breaks were introduced. Expeditions, sports tours and foreign visits – introduced during the headmastership of Mr Bush – proliferated during the 1970s.



The 150th anniversary - Queen Elizabeth II visits

There was much planning for the sesquicentennial celebrations of the school’s foundation. The weekend of 3-5 June was deemed ‘Celebration Weekend’, which saw many sporting and cultural events held to showcase various aspects of the school, culminating in the Commemoration Service of Thanksgiving. On 28 June, Her Majesty the Queen visited the school. After listening to a recital in the Memorial Hall, Her Majesty visited many exhibitions and displays around the school, and planted a commemorative tree as her mother had done 50 years previously.

1983 saw not only the 125th anniversary of the annual rugby match against The Edinburgh Academy, but also the 150th anniversary of the school’s foundation.  On Friday 3 June a major Anniversary concert was held, entitled ‘Music for Royal Occasions’ and featuring not only the school’s orchestra and choir, but also various guest performers. The next day, boys from Rogerson East – duly attired in period costume – ran from the old school site at Merchiston to the present one in Colinton. Many displays were visited by the assembled throng, including a major art exhibition and a display of ‘Merchistoniana’ in the glass cabinets in the Library. Merchistonian v. School matches in various sports took place. The Saturday was rounded off by a magnificent Commemoration Ball in the Memorial Hall, with a superb buffet supper in the Dining Hall – and even a disco in one of the upstairs classrooms in the Main Building!



Modernising Merchiston

Now established on its Colinton site as one of Scotland’s most successful independent schools, with a fine tradition of excellence in sports, academic results and the Arts, Merchiston finds itself the only independent boys-only school north of the Thames Valley. Under the stewardship of headmasters Mr David Spawforth (1981-1998) and Mr Andrew Hunter (1998-2018), Merchiston has sought to build on past successes and to prepare its pupils for a modern and fast-changing world. The school grows and facilities need to keep pace. One major development was the building of Laidlaw House, as a residence for Sixth formers, but other refurbishment continues.

Laidlaw House



Jonathan Anderson Arrives

The Board of Governors announced the appointment of Mr Jonathan Anderson as Headmaster of Merchiston Castle School for September 2018. 

On his acceptance of his headship of Merchiston, Mr Anderson commented, “I am immensely honoured to be appointed as the next Headmaster of Merchiston Castle School and relish the opportunity to build on the excellent work of Mr Hunter in leading the School in the next exciting phase of its development. My wife, Bethan, and I are very excited about getting to know the Merchiston community and becoming part of such a prestigious school.”

Outgoing Headmaster, Mr Hunter, commented, “Mr Anderson has huge experience in the important areas of leadership and management; working with multiple stakeholders; financial management and strategic development.  I began my teaching career at Worksop College, Nottinghamshire and learnt a huge amount during my time there. I have no doubt that his tenure as Senior Deputy Head at Worksop College will stand him in good stead for the headship of Merchiston Castle School, and I believe that Mr Anderson has the abilities, skills and personality to lead Merchiston through the next stage of its journey.”

Read Mr Anderson's profile



Our Future

As we hurtle towards our 200th anniversary, there’s plenty to celebrate and look forward to. Merchiston is wholly independent, and having no Endowment or Foundation, relies entirely on the support of individual benefactors and its own limited resources. Our continuous investment in the future of the School has, therefore, been due to the success of four previous appeals, to the generosity of parents, Merchistonians, Trusts and well-wishers, and also to the careful management of School finances.